Using twill for more than Web testing
Anyway, based on this similarity to systir, Grig suggested that twill could be used as an all-around acceptance testing framework, much like systir. (See my last post for a specific example of extending twill with arbitrary python code.) Interesting idea... I'd been thinking about writing some extensions to deal with DNS monitoring (e.g. "does this DNS server report that there is an A entry for this host pointing to this IP?"), and so I took the bit in my teeth, so to speak, and went ahead with it.
Ta-da! A mere 30 minutes later, the 'dns_check' extension module for twill was born.
Below is the output from a test script for this module. 'dns_check' uses the fantastic dnspython Python library to allow simple assertions about DNS entries; stuff like 'make sure these two names resolve to the same address' is pretty easy with it. (Note that I turned on command debugging output so that commands could be seen as they were executed; normally these commands are silent.)
% ./twill-sh test_dns.twill
>> EXECUTING FILE test_dns.twill twill: executing cmd 'extend_with dns_check' Imported extension module 'dns_check'.
Extension functions to help query/assert name service information.
* dns_resolves -- assert that a host resolves to a specific IP address. * dns_a -- assert that a host directly resolves to a specific IP address * dns_cname -- assert that a host is an alias for another hostname. * dnx_mx -- assert that a given host is a mail exchanger for the given name. * dns_ns -- assert that a given hostname is a name server for the given name.
twill: executing cmd 'dns_resolves amazon.com 184.108.40.206 # amazon.com ==> any of 3' twill: executing cmd 'dns_resolves amazon.com 220.127.116.11' twill: executing cmd 'dns_resolves amazon.com 18.104.22.168' twill: executing cmd 'dns_resolves idyll.org. 22.214.171.124' twill: executing cmd 'dns_resolves idyll.org. joiry.net. # same IP addr?'
twill: executing cmd 'dns_mx idyll.org. mail.idyll.org. # '.'s are handled' twill: executing cmd 'dns_mx idyll.org mail.idyll.org.' twill: executing cmd 'dns_mx idyll.org. mail.idyll.org'
twill: executing cmd 'dns_a amazon.com 126.96.36.199 # explicit 'A' records.' twill: executing cmd 'dns_a amazon.com 188.8.131.52' twill: executing cmd 'dns_a amazon.com 184.108.40.206'
twill: executing cmd 'dns_cname www.idyll.org. idyll.org. # explicit 'CNAME' records.'
twill: executing cmd 'dns_ns idyll.org nsa.idyll.org' -- 1 of 1 files SUCCEEDED.
The script itself is pretty simple, of course:
debug commands 1 extend_with dns_check
dns_resolves amazon.com 220.127.116.11 # amazon.com ==> any of 3 dns_resolves amazon.com 18.104.22.168 dns_resolves amazon.com 22.214.171.124
dns_resolves idyll.org. 126.96.36.199 dns_resolves idyll.org. joiry.net. # same IP addr?
dns_mx idyll.org. mail.idyll.org. # '.'s are handled dns_mx idyll.org mail.idyll.org. dns_mx idyll.org. mail.idyll.org
dns_a amazon.com 188.8.131.52 # explicit 'A' records. dns_a amazon.com 184.108.40.206 dns_a amazon.com 220.127.116.11
dns_cname www.idyll.org. idyll.org. # explicit 'CNAME' records.
dns_ns idyll.org nsa.idyll.org
All in all a very short & satisfying bit of hacking. I'm going to send the underlying code to Bob Halley, the author of dnspython, to see what I did wrong ;). If anyone has further suggestions re the functionality, please drop me a line. You can grab the very latest twill version for yourself here if you want to play; the 'dns_check' module is in twill/extensions/dns_check.py.
Incidentally, the very latest twill code also contains some nice additions to the shell for dealing with extension modules. Specifically, TAB completion now works for extension module commands, as does the 'help' command. Huzzah!