12 inch pianistFor anyone who doesn't get today's xkcd (I did, but there seem to be quite a few people who haven't heard that joke before).
The Buddha Lounge
The Indian restaurant opposite my house, which was called The Natraj, has reinvented itself as a trendy bar, called "The Buddha Lounge". This is ironic on multiple levels.
Firstly, the Five precepts of Buddhism forbid the consumption of alcohol or intoxicating substances. Secondly, the more strict Eight precepts encourage followers to abstain from music and dancing, and also from all sexual activity (and the main purpose of these types of bar is basically to find willing sexual partners). Finally, followers also refrain from "luxurious places for sitting or sleeping", so even the "lounge" part is out.
What's next, the Jesus Casino?
Does this make me an Internet star?
I was reading the Wikipedia article about Ken Silverman's PNGOUT, which is a program for creating optimised versions of PNG images. However, it was the screenshot in that article that intrigued me the most. Upon further investigation, it seems that a group of Wikipedia users have been running a minor contest amongst themselves to create the most optimised version possible of an image I originally uploaded three years ago.
It's really weird when you stumble across things like this.
Version 1.2.0 of my C Algorithms library is up. The biggest changes in this release are the improvements to the test suite. I've written a bit about the test process that I've been using for improving the library.
Learning about coverage tools has been an interesting process. I liken writing tests without using coverage analysis to trying to optimise code without doing any profiling. With optimisation, it's easy to pick something that you think is a bottleneck and waste lots of time optimising it; in the same way, I've found that it's possible to write tests that you think are exercising the code in a satisfactory way, but actually aren't. Profiling helps to show exactly what's going on. In the course of analysing the library, I found a bug that should have been shown up in the tests, but wasn't, because the tests weren't exercising all of the code as I assumed they were.
Testing how code behaves in failure conditions is as important as testing how it behaves normally, so I wrote some code that uses #define macros to wrap the standard C allocation functions and allow the tests to simulate memory allocation failures. Again, coverage analysis is helpful here, too.
All in all, I'm not entirely sure why I'm writing a data structures and algorithms library, considering that all of these things have already been implemented hundreds of times over by different people. I originally wrote the library to remove the dependency of Irmo on GLib. Since then it's taken on a life and direction of its own, probably due to my own slightly obsessive nature. I think I just like the process of crafting something to the highest quality I possibly can.
(Also: Open source software with a test process? World coming to an end!)
4 gigs of pain
We're rapidly reaching (or have reached?) the point where it's standard to have at least 4 gigabytes of RAM in desktop PCs. This presents an interesting dilemma, because most people run 32 bit operating systems; 32 bits doesn't allow more than 4GB of RAM to be addressed. The ideal alternative is to move to 64 bits; all modern CPUs support x86-64. Unfortunately, it requires a massive porting effort to get everything working on x86-64 (drivers from third party vendors are likely to be the biggest problem), so we're not quite there yet.
In the meantime, there's a useful feature called PAE which allows up to 64GB to be addressed by a 32 bit OS. I was surprised to see, however, that neither Windows XP or even Vista support it, although the server-based versions of Windows do!
The cynic in me wondered if this was a deliberate attempt by Microsoft to stop people from using the normal desktop version of Windows for running big servers, but this seemed a bit too much, even for them. But the Wikipedia article has the actual reason: "desktop versions of Windows (Windows XP, Windows Vista) limit physical address space to 4 GB for driver compatibility reasons".
So poor Microsoft appear to be stuck between a rock and a hard place. They cannot enable PAE, which is, in a sense, a backwards compatibility feature, because doing so would break driver backwards compatibility. This would appear to be an example of a situation where the Linux-style hatred of stable APIs wins over maintaining backwards compatibility. One part of the problem is that Microsoft relies on third-party vendors for drivers. They can't just update their platform and the drivers with it, because they don't have any control over them.
The Gnome 3.0 announcement is a win for sanity and demonstrates the maturity of the people running the project. There's an elegance about a project that aims to be boring-but-functional, rather than exciting-and-unstable. Rather ironic for a project that was once described as a "cascade of attention-deficit teenagers".
What's so bad about shell scripts?
I think that probably almost all smart people have realised that scripting using the Bourne shell is a bad idea if the script in question is more complicated than simply automating what can be typed by hand. I mostly avoid writing shell scripts, preferring to write scripts in either Ruby or Python. However, the ability to write shell scripts is still a useful skill; there are certain situations where writing a shell script really is the easier thing to do - mostly situations that involve mostly revolve around executing commands, or where they're the "standard" thing to do - init.d scripts, for example. It's also useful to be able to debug shell scripts that other people have written. To this end, I recently set about honing my shell scripting skills.
To this end, I wrote a script called branch_helper, which is for automating some of the drudge of managing Subversion branches. The main aim of this was to make maintenance of Strawberry Doom easier, as it is developed as a branch within the Chocolate Doom repository and needs periodic updates.
The result is a script that is probably as complicated a shell script as I am ever going to write; certainly the most complicated that I am ever going to want to write. The process did, however, give me deeper insight into why shell scripts, as a "programming language" are quite so unscalable and only suitable for very simple scripts.
result=`myfunction "$arg1" "$arg2"`
result=0 while true; do result=1 break done echo $result
result=0 echo broken | while true; do result=1 break done echo $result
result=`myfunction "$arg1" "$arg2"` || error
Valgrind with autotoolsAutomake helpfully provides the ability to run tests with "make check" - you can give it a list of test programs to run, and it will go through each in turn and check that they exit with a success status (0). However, when running test cases for stuff written in C, it's nice to run them in Valgrind - that way, you can pick up on any memory leaks or other subtle memory errors that you wouldn't otherwise notice.
make check TESTS_ENVIRONMENT=valgrind
John McCain is ooooold
List of inventions that presidential candidate John McCain is older than: the Jet engine, Nylon, the ballpoint pen, the helicopter, the microwave oven, holograms, nuclear weapons, the transistor, the Rubik's cube, communications satellites, velcro, the contraceptive pill, light emitting diodes plus every computer ever made, including every computer program ever written, every programming language ever designed, computer networks, video games and anything else based on a computer whatsoever.
His lifetime spans the entirety of World War II, the founding of the United Nations, the entirety of the cold war including the construction and demolition of the Berlin wall, the first man in space and the space race that followed, the American civil rights movement and all rock music ever made.
New HTML Parser: The long-awaited libxml2 based HTML parser code is live. It needs further work but already handles most markup better than the original parser.
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If you're a C programmer with some spare time, take a look at the mod_virgule project page and help us with one of the tasks on the ToDo list!