Older blog entries for Ringding (starting at number 1)

29 Sep 2010 (updated 27 Sep 2011 at 18:35 UTC) »
Motivated testers are a godsend

Ken Gilmer has found some
examples of surprisingly bad CACAO performance
on ARM
(see slides).
In my understanding, CACAO should be at least as fast as
JamVM for moderately long-running benchmarks such as
probe and decode. Before looking into the
issue, I could only imagine lots of JIT/native transitions
as the cause of this, but I was not entirely convinced that
that alone would create such a performance problem.

Digging into it using oprofile, I quickly found
some very inefficient code for handling JNI local
references. Interestingly, it’s mostly a memset
of 64 bytes that is run on every transition from JIT code to
native code. It seems that either memory bandwidth on ARM is
unbelievably low or the machine’s caching behavior is
extremely poor, as the same call, when run on decent x86
hardware, doesn’t even show up in a profile, at least not
nearly as prominently.

Anyway, after an overhaul
of this half-decade old code
, performance for these two
benchmarks has improved by more than 50%. JamVM is still
faster for decode, but only slightly. I attribute
this to the garbage collector.

Without Ken’s talk, I would have never found out about this.

23 Aug 2010 (updated 23 Aug 2010 at 10:28 UTC) »
The CACAO 1.0 that wasn’t

I have a confession to make: it seems that there will be no CACAO 1.0 release, and I’m to blame for that. Maintaining two branches of CACAO has become tiresome and quite boring over time, and I never fully understood what the 1.0 branch was there for, anyway. So when yet another problem with IcedTea (which was using CACAO 0.99.4 at the time) popped up which could trivially be solved by switching to the “default” branch, I suggested that IcedTea would be better off just using the Mercurial version, and this is what they did. Now, as this version identifies itself as 1.1, I don’t see the point of releasing a 1.0 version from a branch that nobody cares about (or should care about, IMHO) anymore.

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